Lithuania – is the largest and the most southern of the three Baltic States. Lithuania is situated between Eastern and Western Europe. The country borders with Latvia in the North, Belarus in the South, Russia (Kaliningrad Region) and Poland in the West. Despite of its largest area – 65 300 km2 – Lithuania has the shortest coastline, only 99 km. Since the 13th century five ethnographic areas, or regions, have historically formed in the current territory ofLithuania: Aukštaitija, Žemaitija, Dzūkija, Suvalkija and Lithuania Minor.
Lithuania’s population is 3 440 000 inhabitants of which 84% are ethnic Lithuanians, 7% Poles and 6% Russians. The Lithuanian language belongs to the family of Indo-European languages
In 2009 Lithuania celebrated its Millennium – the name „Lithuania” was first mentioned in 1009 in the Annales Quedlinburgenses books.
Nature has been generous to Lithuania. Lithuania is a place of rolling hills and gentle plains, quietly following rivers and lakes. The largest river, the Nemunas, gathers and carries the waters of many tributaries to the Baltic Sea, wherein lies Lithuania`s famous “ amber coast”. Forests cover 28% of the country. The most beautiful and valuable nature and culture places of Lithuania have the status of protected areas – 12 % of the country’s area is covered with national and regional parks, reserves, cultural, nature and biosphere reserves.
Lithuania’s capital is Vilnius with the population of 541 300 people. The city may be proud of its Baroque Old Town, which is the largest in Eastern Europe and praised as the „New Prague”. Vilnius was officially established in 1323, but a fortified castle at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnia rivers was set up earlier. The Old Town of Vilnius is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List
Institute of France proclaimed a point (now a popular tourist attraction) 15 miles (24km) northwest of the capital, Vilnius, as the geographic centre of the continent in 1989.