The climate of the Baltic States is greatly influenced by the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. All coastal areas have temperate maritime climate – comparatively mild winters with average temperatures in January in Tallinn -4.7 C, Riga – 3,8 c, Klaipeda 2.1 C and in July Tallinn 15.5 C, Riga 16.9 C, Klaipeda 19.4 C.
There are even bigger differences between the temperatures of Western and Eastern parts of countries which have more continental climate. For example in the second biggest city in Estonia – Tartu – the average temperature in January is -6 C and in July 18 C and in the capital of Lithuania, in Vilnius -0,5 C in January and 23 C in July.
Every season in Baltics has its advantages.
… offer possibilities of cross country skiing, because in the hilly landscape in Southern Estonia you can find snow even in these years when the snow situation is very poor everywhere.
Hotels surprise you with low season price offers and there are plenty of interesting cultural events worth visiting. Old Medieval Baltic capitals are then perfect city break destinations. And if lack of snow makes spending time outside unattractive, you may have a refreshing retreat in many of Baltic high quality Wellness Spas.
… are almost the best time to visit Baltics – it is wonderful to watch how the nature is coming to life. In Lithuania spring comes about two weeks earlier than in Estonia. Storks return to their nests inLithuania in the first decade of April and in Estonia in the last decade of April and with them the spring spreads all over the Baltics. Days become long and sunny. Usually May and the first part of June are the sunniest time of the year. Late spring (May) is the best time if you wish to see Baltics’ nature in full beauty without meeting too many tourists – there are flowers blooming and this light green colour of spring is something much different from the one of summer.
… in the Baltics are mostly mild with the average temperature of +15 until +25 C. June and August are chillier while July may quite often surprise with +30 C. Summers are rarely too hot or dry with sunburnt brown grass everywhere. The grass is mostly lush and green and there are sometimes those refreshing rain showers. The sea water comes warm not earlier than in July, but still there are some shallow and protected bays (Pärnu) allowing swimming already in June. There are also beautiful lakes allowing you to swim already even in May.
July and August are the most popular holiday months for locals, who then escape to the countryside into the nature. Almost the whole coast of the Baltic Sea is one sandy beach beginning from Haapsalu on the Northwest top of Estonia to the Curonian spit inLithuania with several well known resorts as Pärnu, Jurmala and Palanga. It is worth mentioning that the length of days in summer in Estonia is significantly longer than in Lithuania.
… can surprise with a very nice and warm September, gardens full of fruits and forests full of mushrooms. October is the month when the nature becomes so rich in colours and the weather sunny and mild that it is almost compulsory to go hiking for example to one of many Estonian bogs. October and the beginning of November are perfect for migratory bird watching. And late autumn with frequent rain and sad leafless nature is again the time for a SPA-treat.